Regardless of taking part in an essential function within the restoration of judges in March 2009, the picture of the authorized group has been badly affected resulting from a excessive quantity strikes and incidents the place giant teams have displayed an alarming degree of rowdy and violent behaviour. Even the justice system appears to have been taken hostage by them.

In instances the place one lawyer has displayed violent behaviour, a number of others have usually banded with him. In instances the place a lawyer has been arrested for stated violent behaviour, tons of of others have tried to foil arrest makes an attempt, protested exterior courts and brought to streets in strike makes an attempt. The scenes usually resemble extra carefully to these of thug-like avenue gangs moderately than upstanding residents in command of upholding and defending the regulation.

An incident of this nature was witnessed on February 8, when dozens of legal professionals ransacked the chamber of Islamabad Excessive Courtroom (IHC) Chief Justice (CJ) Athar Minallah throughout a protest towards demolition of their unlawful chambers on the Islamabad District Courts often known as the ‘katcheri’.PHOTO: EXPRESS


Following this incident, IHC CJ Minallah has proven braveness towards such an act of intimidation by initiating motion towards legal professionals who have been concerned within the incident. A number of legal professionals have been arrested and the working towards licence of greater than a dozen legal professionals was additionally suspended by the IHC.

A unity amongst judicial benches is now the necessity of the hour to face this problem. If all superior courts have completely different approaches in coping with this problem, then they will be unable to maintain strain on the bar, to rectify and resolve this difficulty.

In contrast to up to now, the Supreme Courtroom has absolutely backed the IHC in its determination to take actions towards the legal professionals who have been concerned within the incident. Resulting from unity displayed by the bench, the have been capable of counter the aggression of the legal professionals and hold it at bay.

Politics has additionally impacted the regulatory roles of various the bar associations. The annual election campaigns of the bar associations at all times intensify the aggression displayed by these legal professionals.


Former Pakistan Bar Council (PBC) govt member Raheel Kamran Sheikh laments that as an alternative of specializing in issue-based politics, bar representatives usually symbolize common sentiments of their voters. Their major goal is to stay in energy and obtain private advantages, he maintains.

“In my humble opinion, we, as regulators, have largely failed on most of those fronts primarily owing to the regulatory maintain up prompted because of the politics inside bar associations,” Sheikh additional acknowledged.

Sindh Excessive Courtroom Bar Affiliation President Salahuddin Ahmed says, “The disciplinary our bodies for judges in addition to legal professionals ought to have some exterior illustration from non-judges and non-lawyers. It is extremely troublesome to have efficient self-regulation. This is applicable equally to the media, the PMDC, engineers council and so forth,” he provides.

A debate over the function of regulatory our bodies in sustaining self-discipline amongst legal professionals began quickly after restoration the of the judiciary in March, 2009. Senior legal professionals admitted that the PBC and the provincial bar councils have did not provoke disciplinary actions towards the legal professionals who violate the code of conduct.


Underneath the regulation, superior courts judges are the pinnacle of tribunals who hear complaints towards judges. Nonetheless, these tribunals don’t take motion towards legal professionals, if the latter are concerned in misconduct.

In 2016, the then CJ Syed Mansoor Ali Shah constituted a seven-member supervisory committee. The aim of the committee was to curb incidents of misbehaviour in decrease courts and shield the rights of the judges, particularly girls judges, who’re typically face extra hostility from the legal professionals.

The chief justice headed the supervisory committee with Justice Kazim Raza Shamsi, Justice Malik Shahzad Ahmad Khan, Justice Abdul Sami Khan, Justice Ibadur Rehman Lodhi, Justice Atir Mahmood and Justice Masood Jahangir as its members.

The committee, arrange beneath the Authorized Practitioners and Bar Councils Act, 1973, had issued show-cause notices to Lahore Bar Affiliation Vice President Rana Saeed and former president of Ferozwala Bar Affiliation, Asif Bashir Mirza.

Each Saeed and Mirza have been accused of misbehaving with judicial officers over ‘unfavourable’ choices and snatching courtroom data. Later, the committee suspended the working towards licences of each the legal professionals and referred their instances to the Punjab Bar Council disciplinary committee.


Nonetheless, the legal professionals’ disciplinary committee refused to simply accept the LHC’s administrative order and restored the licences of each advocates.

Equally, when the LHC contempt proceedings towards Lahore Excessive Courtroom Bar Affiliation Multan President Sher Zaman Qureshi case in 2017 after, after Qureshi and different legal professionals had vandalised and ransacked the courtroom of Justice Muhammad Qasim Khan in Multan, former Chief Justice of Pakistan Mian Saqib Nisar gave intervened and quashed the proceedings towards the legal professionals.

Senior legal professionals consider that many of the instances of legal professionals’ misconduct have been present in Punjab, subsequently, they really feel that it’s time to make the Punjab Bar Council disciplinary committee/tribunal simpler.

In July, 2019, the then Chief Justice of Pakistan Asif Saeed Khosa rightly urged the legal professionals to launch a motion known as ‘Tehreek-e-Bahali Izat-e-Wukla’ for the restoration of the dignity to the authorized occupation. He stated that legal professionals ought to give due respect to judges.

“Attorneys have to provide arguments through the use of their tongue and mind however not by [using their] palms. Will or not it’s applicable if legal professionals and judges hit every one other?” he requested, in an obvious reference to the incident the place advocate Imran threw a chair at senior civil choose Khalid Mahmood Warriach on April 25, 2019 throughout an argument in courtroom and one other incident whereby a choose hit a lawyer with a paperweight throughout a listening to within the courtroom.

In 2017, the then LHC CJ Syed Mansoor Ali Shah performed a examine concerning the lack of the primary three months of authorized motion and courtroom hearings because of the legal professionals’ strikes in Punjab between January and March 2017.

In line with the examine, the nationwide exchequer suffered an enormous lack of Rs450 million resulting from legal professionals’ strikes in numerous bar associations of Punjab throughout these three months.

The examine additionally revealed that resulting from 948 incidents of strikes, 600,000 instances have been affected and 100,000 instances couldn’t be determined.

About Rs30,000 was the price of a choose per case. Likewise, Rs750 was being spent from the nationwide exchequer on a case per day within the province.

The examine additionally claimed that the 948 strikes price the nationwide exchequer a whopping Rs450 million. The litigants additionally suffered a Rs380 million loss because of the strikes as “one litigant spends Rs640 per listening to”.

In 2017, the World Financial institution report revealed that 75 per cent of the instances have been being delayed because of the legal professionals’ adjournment, including that 80 per cent of the judges had been transferred on the proposal from completely different bar associations.

Energetic lawyer Umer Gilani belives that the one answer for legal professionals’ ‘wuklagardi’, as some folks pejoratively name it, is to interact in, and to advertise and shield, different bar politics.

“After the PIC incident in Lahore and in addition after the current assault on CJ IHC, tons of of legal professionals mobilised to boost their voice of dissent on precept,” he stated. “If such voices proceed to rise from inside the ranks of legal professionals, I’m completely assured that this violent streak will be managed. Within the longer run, bar management – like different elected folks – observe their citizens,” he provides.

Gilani nonetheless, states that opposite to what some folks assume, using coercive state energy – registration of FIRs, raids, arrests and demolition of encroachments – will not be an answer to this difficulty. It’s the “making heroes out of rogue legal professionals, who’re truly a small minority,” he provides.

He says that it should even be understood that ‘wukla-gardi’, like all different sustained social phenomenan, has financial roots. “For a overwhelming majority of younger legal professionals and in addition for civil judges, who are usually not from dynastic legal professionals’ households nor from privileged, English-speaking backgrounds, alternatives for skilled developments are extraordinarily restricted. It’s these underprivileged legal professionals who resort to hooliganslism for producing social energy after which they use this energy to generate some cash,” he stated. “Within the longer run, the one answer is to create a skill-based moderately than class-based skilled atmosphere. If all younger legal professionals know that no matter their background they will advance additional via studying, writing and advocacy, they might don’t have any incentive to resort to violence.”

Final yr, the Ministry of Regulation had sought feedback from the PBC – the apex regularity physique of legal professionals – over a proposal for lifetime cancellation of a lawyer’s working towards licence in case she or he is discovered responsible of committing acts of bodily violence towards any particular person.

The letter despatched to the PBC seeks its enter in view of a invoice titled ‘Authorized Practitioner and Bar Council Act 2019’, which was launched within the Nationwide Meeting by the ruling Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf’s lawmaker Amjad Ali Khan.

The invoice proposes that “the license of authorized practitioner shall be cancelled for all times in case of bodily violence towards any individual by him and the license shall even be cancelled, if the authorized practitioner is concerned in dishonest, fraud, forgery, false affidavit, deliberate concealment of info.”

In its ‘object and causes’, the invoice notes that the modification has been proposed in view of “current incidents of protests” turning into violence actions involving members of authorized occupation and “to make sure peaceable atmosphere within the authorized occupation and judicial proceedings in future.”

The invoice apparently referred to the December 11, 2019 incident in Lahore whereby not less than three cardiac sufferers misplaced their lives when scores of legal professionals stormed the Punjab Institute of Cardiology (PIC) vandalising the ability and thrashing everybody in sight apparently to “settle the rating” with medical doctors who, they claimed, had attacked one in every of their colleagues.

Nonetheless, the PBC had opposed the proposed modification arguing {that a} mechanism is already current to take disciplinary motion towards legal professionals over misconduct.

“One part of legal professionals proposed punishment ought to be applied on fee of unlawful acts and may vary from suspension of license for a sure interval to cancellation of a license, stated Kamran Sheikh.

“Additional, to make disciplinary committees and tribunals of the bar councils extra unbiased and fewer amenable to regulatory seize, two MNAs nominated by the Speaker Nationwide Meeting, one every from treasury and opposition, ought to be included of their compositions within the instances of the PBC and Islamabad Bar Council,” he added.

“Likewise, two MPAs nominated by the speaker of the respective provincial meeting, one every from the treasury and opposition, ought to be included of their compositions in instances of every provincial bar council. Such inclusion shall additionally imply that the shoppers of justice, that are the most important stakeholders within the administration of justice, are equally represented in making certain the rule of regulation and curbing inside threats to the the Aristocracy and independence of the bar,” he stated.

Sindh Excessive Courtroom Bar Affiliation President Salahuddin Ahmed stated altering punishments will not be a helpful approach of controlling misconduct of legal professionals. “The principle downside in curbing skilled misconduct is definitely that professionals are reluctant to punish their very own colleagues, whether or not the punishment is small or nice,” he stated.

“I feel the one efficient approach is to amend the regulation in such a approach that the involved disciplinary our bodies and tribunals have not less than partial illustration of individuals and civil society members who don’t belong to the topic occupation,” he added.

Ahmad really helpful that the PBC members ought to select one consultant every from the Pakistan Medical and Dental Council (PMDC) or a media physique and that such representatives ought to have fastened three-year tenures.

Underneath the regulation, superior courts judges are head of tribunals which hear complaints’ towards judges.

Nonetheless, these tribunals don’t take motion towards legal professionals, if they’re concerned in misconduct. Regulatory our bodies are going through immense criticism over their failure to provoke disciplinary actions towards the legal professionals who violated the code of conduct.

Just lately, IHC Decide Justice Babar Sattar in an order posed very important questions for adjudication. The courtroom additionally appointed senior legal professionals Makhdoom Ali Khan, Ali Zafar, Salman Akram Raja and Afnan Kareem Kundi as amicus to help on this matter.

The IHC choose questioned as as to if the Authorized Practitioners and Bar Councils Act, 1976, vest any energy within the Islamabad Bar Council or the Islamabad Excessive Courtroom Bar Affiliation to difficulty a name for strike, mandating legal professionals to not seem earlier than courts, topic to the specter of penal and disciplinary motion:

(i) Whereas the license of a lawyer will be suspended and he will be faraway from apply on the bottom that he has dedicated grave indiscipline or grave misconduct, does showing in Courtroom in face of a strike known as by a Bar Council or a Bar Affiliation quantity to grave indiscipline or grave misconduct for functions of Part 41 learn along with Rule 175-A of the Authorized Practitioners and Bar Councils Act, 1976, attracting penal penalties?

(ii) In view of Rule 166 in Chapter XII of the Authorized Practitioners and Bar Councils Act, 1976, which mandates an advocate to be current in Courtroom when his case is named, would refusal to look on floor of strike not represent grave indiscipline or grave misconduct for

functions of Part 41 of the Authorized Practitioners and Bar Councils Act, 1976, rendering the lawyer in query responsible for disciplinary proceedings and penal motion beneath Part 41 and 54 of the Authorized Practitioners and Bar Councils Act, 1976?

(iii) Does the Authorized Practitioners and Bar Councils Act vest in a Bar Council the authority to difficulty necessary directions to strike courtroom proceedings which may render provisions of the CPC, together with Order XI Rule 9, worthless?

(iv) Would a compulsory name to strike courtroom proceedings issued by a bar council represent “adequate trigger” for grant of adjournment by courts for functions of Part 35A of the CPC, promulgated via the Price of Litigation Act, 2017, in view of the legislative intent and function of such statutory provision?

(v) By refusing to look earlier than the Courtroom on the bottom of a name to strike by a Bar Council or a Bar Affiliation would the lawyer, breach “the Cannons of Skilled Conduct and Etiquettes of Advocates”, and would he/she undermine the proper of entry to justice of events earlier than the Courtroom, which proper is assured beneath the Structure and kinds the raison d’etre for the institution and existence of the judicial arm of the state?

(vi) If a Bar Council has the facility and authority to difficulty calls to strike courtroom proceedings at will ensuing within the suspension of the identical, would the automated grant of adjournments not fall foul of Article X of the Code of Conduct for Judges issued beneath Article 209 of the Structure which states that: “On this judicial work a Decide shall take all steps to determine instances inside the shortest time, controlling successfully efforts made to forestall early disposal of instances and make each endeavor to minimise struggling of litigants by deciding instances expeditiously via correct written judgments. A Decide who’s unmindful or detached in the direction of this side of his obligation will not be trustworthy to his work, which is a grave fault”?

(vii) Whether it is assumed that bar councils have the proper to difficulty necessary requires putting courtroom proceedings, topic to penalty attaching to legal professionals for non-observance, wouldn’t compliance with such order by licensed legal professionals outcome within the shutdown of the judicial organ of the state, even when quickly? Can such a scenario be countenanced when beneath the scheme of the Structure, the judiciary is among the three pillars of the state and the equipment for enforcement of basic rights of residents?

(viii) If a lawyer chooses to strike by refusing to look earlier than the Courtroom, would he render himself responsible for obstruction of justice and aiding and abetting denial of well timed justice prompted resulting from incessant delay in its dispensation?

These questions are essential for adjudication. Bar associations want to grasp that when there isn’t a system of self accountbility then exterior components forcefully regulate them.


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