KABUL: The USA descended on Afghanistan and its Taliban authorities in 2001 within the wake of the September 11 assaults by Al-Qaeda, which had sought sanctuary within the nation.
After 20 years of struggle, the final American troops within the US-led NATO coalition flew out of Afghanistan shortly after midnight Tuesday morning.
Here’s a timeline of key occasions:
– ‘Conflict on terror’ –
On October 7, 2001 — lower than a month after the September 11 assaults that killed round 3,000 folks within the US — President George W. Bush launches “Operation Enduring Freedom” in Afghanistan.
The ruling Taliban had been sheltering Osama bin Laden and his Al-Qaeda motion, which carried out the 9/11 assaults.
The operation opens a navy entrance within the US “struggle on terror” and inside weeks, US-led forces overthrow the Taliban, in energy since 1996.
About 1,300 American troopers are on the bottom by November 2001, rising to nearly 10,000 the following 12 months.
– Overshadowed by Iraq –
American consideration is diverted from Afghanistan when US forces invade Iraq in March 2003, to oust dictator Saddam Hussein.
The fragmented Taliban and different outfits regroup of their strongholds in southern and japanese Afghanistan, from the place they journey between their bases in neighbouring Pakistan’s tribal areas, and launch an insurgency.
In 2008, the US command in Afghanistan requires extra manpower.
Bush sends further troopers, bringing the entire to 48,500 US troops deployed.
– Peak of 100,000 US troops –
In 2009, Barack Obama — elected president after a marketing campaign that promised to finish the Iraq and Afghanistan wars — boosts the US presence to round 68,000. In December, he sends one other 30,000 troops.
The target is to stymie the rising Taliban insurgency and strengthen Afghan establishments.
By 2010 about 150,000 international troopers are deployed in Afghanistan, of which 100,000 are American.
– Bin Laden killed –
Osama bin Laden is killed on Could 2, 2011 in a US particular forces operation in Pakistan.
The NATO alliance ends its fight mission in Afghanistan in 2014, however round 12,500 international troopers — of which 9,800 are American — stay to coach Afghan troops and conduct anti-terrorist operations.
Amid a spreading Taliban insurgency, safety within the nation deteriorates and a department of the Islamic State (IS) group additionally turns into lively in 2015.
President Donald Trump scraps any timetables for a US pullout, and re-commits 1000’s extra troopers in August 2017.
However lethal assaults multiply, particularly in opposition to Afghan forces and the US dramatically steps up air strikes.
– Talks –
In 2018, Washington and Taliban representatives discreetly open talks in Doha centered on slashing the American navy footprint in Afghanistan.
In return, Washington calls for that the Taliban forestall the nation from getting used as a haven for jihadist teams.
On February 29, 2020 the US and Taliban signal a historic deal paving the best way for the withdrawal of all international forces from Afghanistan by Could 2021.
The insurgents in return provide some safety ensures, and agree to carry peace talks with the Afghan authorities.
These start in September, however violence surges and the Taliban are blamed for a wave of focused killings in opposition to high-profile activists, politicians, journalists and dealing ladies.
– Taliban sweep to energy –
Troop numbers by the tip of Trump’s presidency in January 2021 fall to 2,500 as assist for navy motion wanes.
On the finish of April NATO begins a concurrent withdrawal of its mission involving 9,600 troopers.
President Joe Biden says he’ll follow the settlement with the Taliban, however delays the drawdown deadline till September 11.
Officers on June 2 introduced the departure of all US and NATO troops from Bagram, Afghanistan’s greatest airbase.
Biden on July eight says the US retreat can be accomplished on August 31.
The following day the Taliban say they management 85 per cent of Afghan territory, a declare disputed by the federal government.
On August 15, the Taliban swept into Kabul, with tens of 1000’s of Afghans and foreigners speeding to the airport in a determined bid to scramble onto evacuation flights.
Greater than 123,000 individuals are airlifted out of Kabul.
Simply hours earlier than the August 31 deadline, the final of the 1000’s of American troops fly out.